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JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. NOTES AND COMMENT Executive Committee on Natural Resources The recommendation of the three Conservation Committees announced in the last issue (Ecology, 2: p. 154) has been approved by the organizations which these com- mittees represent. At a meeting in New York on May 14 it was agreed to adopt the name " Executive Committee on Natural Resources of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Science, and National Research Council." The project committee, composed of Dr. John M. Clark, Chairman, Col. Henry S. Graves and Major Barrington Moore, presented a plan for further work. The principles agreed upon include the establishment of a permanent salaried executive, with an assistant and clerical force. " The purpose in organizing the Executive Com- mittee on Natural Resources is to promote, through scientific effort and through educa- tion, the best possible use of our natural resources in the economic, industrial and social development of the country." The problem of natural resources is recognized as being a basic one in public welfare. Information on natural resources will be collected, through organizations equipped for the work, and will be correlated and disseminated through the educational and other organizations of the country, thus building a sound basis for the development of conservation policies. Public organiza- tions interested in natural resources will not only be given a better basis for action, but will be stimulated to closer cooperation and coordinated effort. The cost is esti- mated at $25,000 per year, which is to be raised by the Ways and Means Committee, consisting of Dr. Vernon Kellogg, Dr. John M. Clarke and Col. H. S. Graves. Italian Agronomical Society The following is the substance of a note received from the Secretary of the Italian Agronomical Society for publication in Ecology. The purpose in starting this Society is to unite all branches of science connected with agriculture; the project is supported by almost all Italian scientists working in these branches. Organization is proceeding rapidly, the Advisory Committee having been nominated, the Statutes formulated and approved, and the main lines of immediate action, under five heads, decided upon. These lines, each under a commission of the ablest specialists, are as follows : 1. Utilization of arid and poor lands, with special attention to drought resistance and the adaptability of plants to drought. (Prof. Borzi, Director of the Colonial Botanical Institute Gardens, Palermo.) 2. Limits of the yield capacity of wheat in southern areas, especially in connection with physiological features, influenced by environmental factors in that latitude. (Dr. V. dei Duchi di Rivera.) 3. Insects injurious to the olive. (Sen. B. Grassi, Director, Institute of Anatomy, University of Rome.) 4. Utilization for potash fertilizer of the leucite deposits which are abundant in Italy. (Dr. Borghesani, International Institute of Agriculture, Rome.) 5. Causes and effects of root-rot which destroy Sicilian citrous fruits. At the meeting of July 8, 1920, presided over by Prof. Alessandro Ghigi, of the University of Bologna, scientists from all parts of Italy were present. Senator B. 232 July, 1021 NOTES AND COMMENT 233 Grassi, of the University of Rome, was chosen President, and H. M. the King of Italy was made an honorary member. The Secretary of the Society is Dr. V. dei Duchi di Rivera, and the temporary headquarters are in the " Rivista di Biologia," Via dei Crescenzi 26, Rome. The strong ecological trend of the work is evident, and the Ecological Society of America will follow with interest and with every good wish the progress of the Italian Agronomical Society. Preservation of Natural Areas The twenty-fifth annual report of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society (J. B. Lyon Co., Albany, 1920) is of considerable interest to ecologists in showing that this well-known and influential Society is devoting attention not only to historic matters, but to the preservation of areas which possess scientific and educational value. In a description of Mount Marcy, which it is proposed to purchase as a Victory Memorial, is included (pp. 317-318) a preliminary report of the timber-line study made by the Committee on Cooperation of the Ecological Society, which appeared in Volume I, numbers 2, 3 and 4 of Ecology. On page 335 and following is given a complete list of the National Parks, the National Monuments administered by the Interior Department, and also the National Parks administered by the War De- partment (battlefields). For each park and monument is given the location, date of creation, and area. A list of proposed National Parks includes, among others, Mt. Katahdin, Maine, the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, and the Redwoods of Northern California. There is a short account of the origin and aims of the " Save the Red- woods League " ; the conservation of animal life and forest conservation also receive attention. Cooperation between the American Scenic and Historic Preservation So- ciety and the Ecological Society should prove of much value in furthering the alms which the two societies have in common. Resolutions of the Utah Academy of Science Preservation of Natural Areas Whereas: The rapid increase in population of the United States and Canada, with its consequent use of agricultural and forest land, is threatening the extinction of many native species of plants and animals, and Whereas : The preservation of such native species is greatly to be desired, be it Resolved: That the Utah Academy of Sciences endorse the work of the Ecological Society of America in the movement for the preservation of natural conditions in the United States and Canada. Resolved: That it is particularly important that areas with typical plant and animal communities in different States of the Union and the Provinces of Canada be preserved and allowed to go on with their natural successional changes for the benefit not only of students who are interested in these subjects at the present time, but also and more particularly for future generations. Resolved: That this Academy hereby requests the National Research Council to take cognizance of this important subject and requests said National Research Council to aid in whatever manner may be possible the work of the Ecological Society of America in securing vegetation and animal preserves and sanctuaries for the further- ance of scientific study. Resolved that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded by the Corresponding Secretary to Dr C. E. McClung, Chairman of the Division of Biology and Agriculture of the National Research Council.